.

Results from the Survey on “Turkish Public Preferences for Energy” Conducted in 2021 were Announced

High cost of energy remains the most important problem.

The results from the survey on “Turkish Public Preferences for Energy” conducted in 2021 by the Center for Energy and Sustainable Development (CESD) at Kadir Has University were announced. The most prominent  result was the rising costs of energy prices of the survey which conducted between December 10 and 22, 2021 by means of face-to-face interviews with 1237 people of 18 years and older representing the general population of Turkey

The Center for Energy and Sustainable Development (CESD) at Kadir Has University was established in 2015 for the purpose of carrying out interdisciplinary education and research activities by experts in different scientific fields and sharing the information obtained from these activities with the public.  One of the most important activities of the CESD that conducts EU-supported research projects publishes and organizes events in the field of energy transition is the Survey on Turkish Public Preferences for Energy, which has been conducted since 2016.

The fieldwork for the fifth of this survey, which has been conducted four times between 2016 and 2019 and suspended in 2020 due to COVID-19, was carried out between December 10 and 22, 2021, and face-to-face interviews were made with 1237 people of 18 years and older residing in 16 provinces representing the general population of Turkey.

Striking results were obtained by the research team consisting of Project Coordinator and CESD Director Prof. Dr. Volkan Ş. Ediger, and the project members Prof. Dr. Meltem Ucal, Assoc. Prof. Gökhan Kirkil, Prof. Dr. Çiğdem Kentmen Çin (İzmir Economy University) and Asst. Prof. Emre Çelebi’nin (Yeditepe University). 

HIGH PRICES OF ENERGY AND ECONOMIC PROBLEMS MADE THEIR MARKS IN 2021

The question “What is the most important current problem of Turkey?” was answered by 43.9 percent of the survey participants as economy, 17.9 percent as education and, 8.3 percent as immigrants. Although the order of the problems has constantly changed over the years, the economy remained the top problem on the survey. The world’s most important problem was economy in 2021, which was followed by 42.1 percent as healthcare, and 39.8 percent as education.

The most important aspects of energy consumption were defined by the survey participants as follows: energy should be clean and harmless to the environment (32 percent), energy should be obtained from local sources (16.3 percent), and energy should be accessed uninterruptedly (15.4 percent); the percentage of those who indicate that energy should be inexpensive was 13.6 percent. The question “What are the environmental problems caused by energy in Turkey?” was answered by 59.6 percent of the survey participants as climate change, 56.7 percent as impairment of human health and, 36.2 percent as air pollution.

The most important problem with the energy system in Turkey was considered as high cost of energy (32.5 percent) while 18.4 percent of the survey participants indicated inefficient use of energy and, 11.8 percent insufficient use of renewable energy as a problem.

COMPLAINT ABOUT INVOICES

The percentage of those who found electricity prices high in the recent year was 76.7 percent and the percentage of those who found them normal was 17.2 percent while 42.8 percent of the survey participants found the electricity distribution cost very high, 31.7 percent said they had no knowledge about the distribution costand, 20.3 percent said that the distribution fees were unjustly collected. The percentage of those who found natural gas prices high was 77 percent and, the percentage of those who found them normal was 15 percent while 43.6 percent of the survey participants found the natural gas distribution cost very high, 29.4 percent said they had no knowledge on the distribution cost.

For the question “What do you think about the triple time electricity tariff while using a smart meter?”, 48.3 percent of the survey participants answered “I do not have any knowledge on this application”, 27.6 percent “I have examined the application, I do not believe that it would be useful for me”, and 17.7 percent “I have knowledge on the application and, I plan to move into it as soon as possible”.  The percentage of those who made use of this application was 6.5 percent.

On the other hand, the distribution of those who found electricity prices “very high” and “high” according to the political parties for which they voted in the most recent election was as follows: 83.8 percent for CHP; 78.4 for AKP; 77.7 percent for HDP; 69.9 percent for MHP; and 50 percent for İyi Parti. The percentages of those who found natural gas pricesvery high” and high” were as follows: 85.5 percent for CHP; 81.8 for AKP; 71.9 percent for HDP; 66.4 percent for MHP; and 30.4 percent for İyi Parti.

OWNERSHIP OF HOUSES AND AUTOMOBILES, AND ENERGY EXPENDITURES

Out of the survey participants, 95 percent resided in city centers, and 5 percent in towns/villages; and 52 percent of the survey participants were homeowners, 40 percent were tenants and, 8 percent were living in a house of someone else or in public housing. 62.5 percent of the houses were apartments, and 41.3 percent were of 66-100 m2, 27.7 percent of 101-120 m2 in size, and 54 percent were 6 to 15 years old.

Natural gas remained the most consumed energy source in houses. 74.9 percent of the survey participants said that they used natural gas for heating purposes, 74.2 percent for hot water purposes, and 73.6 for cooking purposes while the second source was electricity for heating and hot water, and LPG for cooking. The percentage of those who used electricity for ovens was 64.9 percent and, the percentage of those who used natural gas was 31.4 percent.

Among the energy sources consumed in houses, the first one for which the highest budget was allocated was natural gas (68.7 percent) and the second one was electricity (26.8 percent). The monthly expense for the energy sources for which the highest budged was allocated was TL 251 to 300 (23.5 percent) and TL 201 to 250 (19.9 percent) for natural gas while it was TL 201 to 250 (19 percent) and TL 251 to 300 (17.2 percent) for electricity. Except for automobile fuels, the percentage of those who spent about TL 301 to 400 per month for all the energy sources consumed in houses was 25.4 percent while the percentage of those who spent TL 201 to 300 was 22.2 percent and the percentage of those who spent TL 401 to 500 was 22.2 percent.

About half of the survey participants were homeowners and, the percentage of those who have their own cars was only 27.7 percent. Out of these people, 93.3 percent said that they had 1 automobile while 6.7 percent had 2 automobiles. 39.7 percent of those who had a car said they used diesel while 37.6 percent used gasoline and 15.7 percent used autogas, and 24.5 percent said they spent an average amount of TL 301 to 400 on fuel per month and 20.4 percent spent TL 401 to 500. As a reason that prevented them from purchasing an electric vehicle, 35.7 percent of the survey participants said the prices were high, 19.8 percent said the charging time was too much, and 17.9 percent said the distance taken with full charge was not too long.  On the other hand, the percentage of those who had a motorcycle was only 8.6 percent, and, out of these people, 93.4 percent owned a single motorcycle and 6.6 percent had 2 motorcycles. 73.6 percent of these motorcycles were operated by gasoline and 22.6 percent by electric and, the monthly fuel expense of 22.4 percent was about TL 201 to 300.

MEASURES AND PRACTICES ABOUT ENERGY EFFICIENCY ARE STILL WEAK

55.9 percent of the Turkish people accurately defined the term energy-efficient while 29.1 percent said that they did not know about the difference between energy efficiency and energy saving. On the other hand, the percentage of those who had heat insulation in their houses was 49.1 percent while the percentage of those who applied measures to reduce energy consumption and achieve energy efficiency was 38.4 percent. As a reason why they did not take any measure, 29.9 percent said they did not sufficient knowledge, 22.6 percent said there was no appropriate loan and, 20.3 said the costs of taking measures were too high.

The answers to the question “to what extent are the energy efficiency measures applied” suggest that the sum of positive values was 53.4 percent in the use of energy-efficient lighting products, 46.1 percent in the use of energy-efficient hot water systems, and 44.6 percent in the use of fuel-efficient transportation vehicles. On the other hand, out of the answers to the question “what are the consumers care about for energy efficiency?”, those with the highest total of positive values were as follows: “we do the dishing, washing and ironing after those that were needed to be dished, washed and ironed reached a certain volume” (52.8 percent), “we turn off the lights in the locations of the house not used” (52.5 percent) and “we open and close the refrigerator’s door as less as possible (49.6 percent).

The survey suggested that 99.4 percent of the Turkish people use televisions, 98.5 percent use washing machines, 97.3 percent use refrigerators, 93.5 percent use dishwashers, and 92.4 percent use vacuum cleaners, but they do not sufficiently consider the information given on the energy label when purchasing an electrical appliance. 31 percent of the survey participants said “I occasionally consider their time”, and 30 percent said, “I mostly consider them”.  When it comes to genders, 33.7 percent of the male participants “occasionally” considered the information on the energy labels and, 30.8 percent of the female participants “mostly” considered this information.

The question “Which one do you prefer when purchasing a bulb” was answered by 65.6 percent as “a classic filament bulb” and, by 53.5 percent as “an energy-saving LED bulb”.

NATURAL GAS AND SUN AS ENERGY PREFERENCES

Those with the highest total of positive values among the answers to the question “Which one would you prefer to fulfill your requirements for energy used for heating, cooling, cooling, hot water, lighting, household electrical appliances in your house?” was as follows: the sun (63 percent), natural gas (62.2 percent) and wind (57.4 percent). The question “Which one would you prefer the most among the following? was answered by 37.8 percent as the sun, 26.8 percent as natural gas, and 7.8 percent as hydroelectric.

When those who preferred renewable energy sources were asked the reason for this preference, the highest total of positive values were as follows: “I consider the future of my children and grandchildren” (94.4 percent), “clean and environmentally friendly (93.9 percent), “the fuel of the future in the world (93.4 percent). The percentage of those who preferred natural gas to meet the need for energy used for heating purposes only in their houses was 50.4 percent while the percentage of those who prefer electricity was 16.9 percent. The energy source with the highest priority preferred to meet the need for electricity was natural gas (37.7 percent) and the sun (17.9 percent). The percentage of those who said natural gas was the “most important energy source for Turkey in the future” was 30.4 percent while the percentage of those who claimed petroleum was the “most important energy source for Turkey in the future” was 10.6 percent only.

The energy source that was preferred the most was natural gas, but the percentage of the survey participants who owned an electricity-generating system from solar panels installed on the roofs and façades of the houses they lived in was 16.7 percent only. As a reason why 83.3 percent did not have such types of systems, 28.1 percent said “the installation costs are too high”, 26.3 percent said “the houses they live in are not suitable for these types of systems”, and 25.3 percent said, “they failed to reach a mutual agreement with their neighbors”. The question “What do you think about the installation of electric generating solar panels on the roofs and façades of your house?” was answered by 33 percent of the survey participants as “I do not have sufficient knowledge”, 29.8 percent as “I would use if I found an appropriate budget/loan”.

When asked which types of power plants they would support for the installation within the border of the province in which they live, 58.7 percent answered as wind, 55.4 percent as the sun, and 50.1 percent as natural gas while the percentages for geothermal (41.9 percent), coal (34.5 percent) and nuclear energy (28.8 percent) power plants were lower compared to the general figures. The percentage of those who supported the installation of a nuclear energy plant was 55 percent in Tekirdağ, 54.4 percent in Samsun, and 47.1 in Malatya, and the percentage of those who did not support the installation of a nuclear energy plant was 79.7 percent in Manisa, 65 percent in Erzurum and 61.6 percent in Bursa.

The distribution of those who supported the installation of a nuclear energy plant according to the political parties for which they voted in the most recent election was as follows: MHP (38.8 percent), AKP (31.8 percent), CHP (30.6 percent), HDP (24.8 percent), İYİ Parti (23.5 percent). As the level of education increases, the percentage of those who supported the installation of a nuclear energy plant decreases. The statements with the highest positive values concerning the installation of a nuclear power plant were as follows: “Nuclear power plants are threatening and posing risks to the environment and public health” (51.7 percent), “nuclear power plants have an important role in meeting energy need” (44 percent) and “Turkey needs to develop its own nuclear energy technology” (43 percent).

LEVEL OF AWARENESS AND PREFERENCES FOR ENERGY POLICIES

The question “to what extent are you aware of the energy policies of the political party for which you voted in the most recent election?” was answered by 42 percent of the survey participants as “I am not aware or unaware”, 33.2 percent as “I am aware” and, 24.8 percent as “I am not aware.” 55.1 percent of the survey participants said they followed the energy policies of the political parties on television while 41.1 percent on the internet/ social media; 30.6 percent of the survey participants asked for advice from family/friends about the energy policies of the political parties and, 23.7 percent from the energy companies.  36.2 percent of the participants said they would consider the energy policies of the political party for which they would vote in an election, while 24 percent said they would not.

The aspects with the highest total of positive values to assess the government’s policies were “supply of natural gas” (43.3 percent), “electricity generation-transmission-distribution” (42 percent), and “petroleum and natural gas pipelines” (39.7 percent) in 2021 similar to the previous years. The percentage of those who supported the government’s nuclear energy policies was 32.6 percent; MHP (41.4 percent), AK Parti (34.9 percent), CHP (32.8 percent), HDP (30.6 percent), and, İYİ Parti (26.5 percent). The question “From which country would you prefer Turkey get energy?” was answered by 33.8 percent as “We should generate by ourselves instead of getting from others”, 16.2 percent as “Azerbaijan”, and 14.8 percent “We should prefer the one which offered the cheapest energy”.

OUTLOOK ON ENERGY PROBLEMS AT A GLOBAL SCALE

68.6 percent of the survey participants answered “yes” to the question “Do you believe in global climate change?” When it comes to the voters of the political parties, 76 percent of those the voters of CHP believed in climate change while this percentage was 72.7 percent for the voters of HDP, 64.6 for the voters of AK Parti, 58.8 for the voters of İYİ Parti and 52.6 percent for the voters of MHP. The percentage of those who believed in global climate change was 59.1 among those who were primary school graduates, while this percentage raised to 73.3 percent among university graduates. 71.8 percent of the survey participants said that they believed that global climate change was caused by human-related reasons.

An analysis of the percentage of those who are aware of international topics such as sustainable development and global climate change suggests that 26 percent of the survey participants are aware of the Sustainable Development Goals; 14.9 percent are aware of the Paris Climate Convention; 7.2 percent are aware of the European Green Deal, and 6.4 percent are aware of the Millennium Development Goals. On the other hand, 38.4 of the survey participants accurately defined the term “sustainability” and another answer for this term (23 percent) was “continuous increase in the income of an institution or country”. 

“Please click to view the Survey on “Turkish Public Preferences for Energy” conducted in 2021.

 

 

Postdoctoral Position in Energy in KHAS CESD

The Center for Energy and Sustainable Development (CESD) at Kadir Has University (KHAS) is a highly interactive team conducting cutting-edge research on sustainable energy issues. Recently, CESD became involved in four European Union projects funded by the H2020 program. CESD is therefore pleased to announce one postdoctoral research position.

Ideal applicants will have a Ph.D. in energy or in another discipline with a focus on energy-related issues; experience in research projects; excellent communication skills in English; strong critical thinking and analytical skills; strong computational background with experience on Microsoft Office and other related software. Preferably desired qualifications include collecting and organizing large-scale energy data and applying them in energy modeling by using R, Python, and GAMS.

Researchers will contribute to the projects at every stage of their progress under the supervision of the project coordinator. They are also expected to document research by publishing papers in peer-reviewed journals and presenting them at scientific meetings.

The position is available starting in two to three months and three to four years in length. Salary commensurate with experience. Interested applicants should send their CVs, statement of research accomplishments, and two reference contacts to Hazal Mengi (hazal.mengi@khas.edu.tr+90 (212) 533 65 32 / 4944).

3

The Dynamics in the Caucasus Today May 9, 2016

The panel on “The Dynamics in the Caucasus Today” organized jointly by CESD and CIES was held on May 9, 2016 at the Kadir Has University Cibali Campus. The panel in which Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger, Prof. Mitat Çelikpala, and Former Ambassador Ünal Çeviköz from the Kadir Has University as well as Dr. Brenda Shaffer from the Georgetown University was speakers and Assoc.Prof. Dimitrios Triantaphyllou, CIES Director was the moderator. At the panel, which was attended by a high number of audience, the recent determinant dynamics in the Caucasus in the fields of politics, economics, and energy were discussed in historical perspective.

4

Int. Conf. on Energy Security and Geopolitics in the Eastern Mediterranean, May 5-7, 2016

“International Conference on Energy Security and Geopolitics in the Eastern Mediterranean”  organized jointly by CESD and METU Northern Cyprus Campus was held between May 5-7, 2016 at the Northern Campus of METU in Kalkanlı, Northern Cyprus. Khas personnel contributed to the organization of the conferences as Co-chair (Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger), Honorary Chair (Rector Prof. Mustafa Aydın), and members of Organizing Committee (Prof. Mitat Çelikpala, Assoc. Prof. Ahmet Han, and Asst. Prof. Gökhan Kirkil). Additionally, at the panel entitled “International Conference on Energy Security and Geopolitics in the Eastern Mediterranean” Prof. Mustafa Aydın served as moderator, while Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger, Prof. Mitat Çelikpala, and Assoc. Prof. Ahmet Han served as speakers.

5

Karaköy Rotary Club Conference, April 21, 2016

Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger gave a conference entitled “Energy in the World and in Turkey” to the Karaköy Rotary Club members at the Hilton Bosphorus on April 21, 2016. The conference, which was held as one of the monthly activities of the Karaköy Rotary Club, received a great deal of attention of the club members and many topics related to many energy issues were discussed during the conference.

6

69th Geological Congress of Turkey, April 11-15, 2016

The Geological Congress, which was held annually for the 69th times, is one of the long-lasting scientific gatherings of Turkey. The congress, of which the main theme was “Geopolitics of Natural Resources”, was chaired by Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger. ” Prof. Ediger also moderated the panel for “Geopolitics of Natural Resources”. In addition, Rector Prof. Mustafa Aydın presented as an invited speaker a speech entitled “The Geopolitics of Energy’s Natural Resources from International Relations Perspective.” At the congress, 186  oral, 278 poster presentations were given in 39 different sessions and 8 invited speakers took part in the sessions of related topics.

7

Boden Law Office Conference, December 30, 2015

Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger gave a conference entitled “Global Trends in Energy and Turkey” at Boden Law Office in Istanbul. At the meeting in which the office staff and invited guests attended, the legal and financial dimensions of energy sector in Turkey within the framework of global trends were discussed. Boden Law Office organizes similar conferences as a part of their Boden Academy’s activities.

8

CESD Advisory Board Meeting, December 3, 2015

The first CESD Advisory Board Meeting was held on December 3, 2015 at Kadir Has University Cibali Campus. In addition to Board of Directors, including Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger (Director), Asst. Prof. Gökhan Kirkil (Vice Director), Prof. Mitat Çelikpala, Assoc. Prof. Meltem Şengün Ucal, and Asst. Prof. Emre Çelebi and one Faculty Member, Asst. Prof. Ahmet Yücekaya the following members attended the meeting (alphabetically): Dr. Selahattin Anaç (Former General Manager of TKİ), Attorney Değer Boden (Boden Law Office), Haluk Direskeneli (Independent Advisor, Germany), Prof. İskender Gökalp (Director of CNRS-ICARE, France), Prof. Baha Karan (Hacettepe University, Faculty of Business Administration), Dr. Uygar Özesmi (General Manager of change.org), and Prof. Osman Sevaioğlu (METU Dept. of Electric and Electronic Engineering). The meeting was started with the opening speech of Prof. Volkan Ediger and later, the Members of Advisory Board shared their recommendations and suggestions about the future activities of the center.

9

Inspiring the Young Leaders for Future Energy Roles, November 9, 2015

The event entitled “Inspiring the Young Leaders for Future Energy Roles” was held on November 9, 2015 at Kadir Has University Cibali Campus. At the event, which was attended by around 120 of young energy employees, Hilmi Güler, Former Minister of Energy and Şeyh Mohammed A. Althani, former Minister of Economy and Commerce of Qatar, gave advices to the attendees. The opening speech was given by the Rector Prof. Mustafa Aydın and CESD Director Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger shared his experiences with young leaders and also served as jury member at the leadership contest.

10

Green Business-Sustainable Business Summit, October 8-9, 2015 

Green Business-Sustainable Business Summit was organized by Sustainability Academy between October 8-9, 2015 in Istanbul. The summit, which was held for the seventh times in a raw, was gathered with the theme of “New Paradigms of Change.” At the Summit, the stakeholders from different sectors shared their views by discussing the new and striking paradigms in line with sustainable development, efficient use of resources, public and social responsibility and profitability, solution recommendations, and global approaches. Additionally, “Sustainable Business Awards” were also given at the summit. The Sustainable Business Awards, which started to be given for the first time in 2014, aimed at awarding the successful sustainable business models of the year. This year, Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger, again took part in the advisory board of the Summit and also served as a jury member.

11

EERA (European Energy Research Alliance) Steering Committee Meeting, September 28, 2015

Annual Steering Committee Meeting of the “Economic, Environmental and Social Impacts (E3S) Program”, one of the 16 joint programmes of EERA, was held between September 28, 2015 at İstanbul Şehir University. It is one of the most extensive energy research alliances of the European Union, consisting of more than 150 universities and research centers. Asst. Prof. Gökhan Kirkil and Asst. Prof. Emre Çelebi attended the meeting. Asst. Prof. Gökhan Kirkil introduced KHAS-CESD’s studies and submit its candidateship application to E3S joint program at the beginning of the meeting. The Steering Committee of E3S accepted Kadir Has University’s full membership with unanimity. With this membership, KHAS-CESD joined the most competent and experienced energy research group of the EU and had a chance to develop EU-Horizon 2020 and other bilateral-multilateral project applications jointly with the group.

12

Info Day on the 2016-2017 Horizon 2020 Work Program and Energy Brokerage Event, September 14-16, 2015

An info day entitled “Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy” and B2B matching meeting were organized in Brussels between September 14-16, 2015. The first session entitled “Clean and Efficient Energy” started with a presentation on “Energy Union.” On the second day of the meeting, current calls of the programs related with different subjects of energy were evaluated in detail in several parallel sessions. Finally, a B2B meeting was organized on September 16th with around 1300 attendees. Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger who attended the meeting on behalf of CESD, interviewed with the representatives of SCIC les Vents of France, Kingspan Group Plc. Of the Netherlands, and Karita Research EU of Sweden to investigate possible collaborations especially on sustainable energy issues. This important event provided CESD to introduce itself to a large number of representatives from different institutions. Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger was supported by the TÜBİTAK-Horizon 2020 Travel Support Program.

13

AAPG “Certificate of Merit”, September 2015

Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger was awarded with “Certificate of Merit” with a letter signed by the President of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists. The “Certificate of Merit,” which is given annually in a limited number, is considered as one of the most prestigious awards of the association. The award was given to Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger due to his contributions as the General Chair of the international conference known as AAPG 2014 ICE, which was held between September 14-17, 2014 in Istanbul. The conference hosted by the Turkish Association of Petroleum Geologists (TPJD) was held for the first time in Turkey. The Organizing Committee consisted of 37 people from different universities and companies of which 13 are from foreign countries and 24 are from Turkey. The conference had a historical number of abstract submissions with 800 applications of which 300 were selected carefully and presented in different 60 sessions.

14

27th European Conference on Operational Research (EURO 2015), July 12-15, 2015

EURO 2015 Conference was held at the University of Stratchlyde in Glasgow, Scotland between July 12-15, 2015. At the conference, Asst. Prof. Emre Çelebi chaired the session entitled “Energy Market Modeling 2: Equilibrium Models” and also presented a paper entitled topic of “Comparison of Four Models of Near Equilibrium for a Centrally Dispatched Pool Market with Nonconvexities.”

15

20th International Petroleum and Natural Gas Congress and Exhibition (IPETGAS 2015), May 27-29, 2015

IPETGAS 2015-20th International Petroleum and Natural Gas Congress and Exhibition was organized by TMMOB Chamber of Petroleum Engineers, Turkish Association of Petroleum Geologists, and TMMOB Chamber of Geophysics Engineers under auspices of Taner Yıldız, Minister of Energy and Natural Resources and with the official sponsorship of TPAO and BOTAŞ. At the congress, conventional and unconventional petroleum and natural gas activities in Turkey and around Turkey were evaluated. Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger conveyed a panel entitled “Turkey’s Energy Supply Security in the Light of Regional Developments,” which politicians, high-ranking bureaucrats, representatives of petroleum industry, and academicians were participated as speakers on May 27, 2015.

16

38th IAEE International Conference, May 25-27, 2015

The 38th IAEE International Conference with the theme of “Economic, Environmental, Technological and Security Challenges for Energy” was held between May 25-27, 2015 in Antalya. The conference, which was attended by 505 delegates from 47 countries, has been an important platform for the discussion of various energy topics. Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger who served in the International Program Committee (IPC) of the conference, has always been a part of the association as members of the Board of Directors and Board of Auditors.

17

5th International Energy and Value Conference, May 7-9, 2015

As the first scientific event of CESD, 5th International Energy and Value Conference was held on between May 7-9, 2015 at the Kadir Has University Cibali Campus with the support and sponsorship of the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources and the Republic of Turkey Energy Market Regulatory, Central Bank Borsa İstanbul, Takasbank, TEİAŞ, BOTAŞ, and İGDAŞ. At the conference which was attended by 34 national and international experts from different institutions and organizations, various energy topics were discussed in a number of sessions and Turkey’s goals to be an energy hub or terminal and energy trade were evaluated in two panels. Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger, Director of CESD, Prof.  Necmiddin Bağdadioğlu, Head of Public Finance Department and the Director of Energy Markets Research and Application Center, Hacettepe University, and Prof. Baha Karan, Deputy Chairman of CEVI and academician at Hacettepe University served as Co-Chairs in the Organization Committee of the conference.

18

 

Hürriyet Daily News Interview, May 4, 2015

An interview with Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger was made by Barçın Yınanç, one of the most experienced journalists in Turkey working for Hurriyet Daily News on May, 2014. In the article entitled as “Precious Loneliness Works Against Energy Interests”, Prof. Ediger emphasized that Turkey was increasingly becoming lonely particularly in the region and this situation damages Turkish energy relations with the partners and that without overcoming this important obstacle Turkey cannot be one of the successful countries in the 21st century.

19

TUROGE-14th International Oil and Gas Conference, March 18-19, 2015

TUROGE-International Oil and Gas Conference, which was held for 13 times previously, brought together the important shareholders from petroleum and natural gas sectors. Prof. Volkan Ş. Ediger served as moderator of a panel entitled “Petroleum and Gas Transport and Storage Infrastructure: Current Situation, Trends, and Economic Benefits.”